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Define cultural domination

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Naked FuckBook Define cultural domination.

Cultural imperialism comprises the cultural aspects of imperialism.

Imperialism here refers to the creation and maintenance of unequal relationships between civilizationsfavoring the more powerful Define cultural domination. Thus, cultural imperialism is the practice of promoting and imposing a culture, usually that of a politically powerful nationover a less powerful society; in other words, the cultural hegemony of industrialized or economically influential countries which determine general cultural values and standardize civilizations throughout the world.

The term is employed especially in the fields of history, cultural studiesand postcolonial theory. It Define cultural domination usually used in a pejorative sense, often in conjunction with calls to reject such influence.

Cultural imperialism can take various forms, such as an attitude, a formal policy, or military action, insofar as it reinforces cultural hegemony. Although the Oxford English Dictionary has a reference to the "cultural imperialism of the Define cultural domination, [1] John Tomlinson, in his book on the subject, writes that the term emerged in the s [2] and has been a focus of research since at least the s.

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Various academics give various definitions of the term. American media critic Herbert Schiller wrote: The public media are the foremost example of operating enterprises that are used in the penetrative process. This occurs largely through the commercialization of broadcasting. Tom McPhail defined "Electronic colonialism Define cultural domination the dependency relationship established by the importation of communication hardware, foreign-produced software, along with engineers, technicians, and related information protocols, that vicariously establish a set of foreign norms, values, and expectations which, in varying degrees, may alter the domestic cultures and socialization processes.

Downing and Sreberny-Mohammadi state: Define cultural domination imperialism signifies the dimensions of the process that go beyond economic exploitation or military force. In the history of colonialismi. Western advertising has made further inroads, as have architectural and fashion styles.

Subtly but powerfully, the message has often been insinuated that Western cultures are superior to the cultures of the Third World. The issue of cultural imperialism emerged largely from communication studies. Many of today's academics that employ the term, cultural imperialism, are heavily informed by Define cultural domination work of FoucaultDerridaSaidand other poststructuralist and postcolonialist theorists. The work of French philosopher and social theorist Michel Foucault has heavily influenced use of the term cultural imperialism, particularly his philosophical interpretation of power and his concept of governmentality.

Following an interpretation of power similar to that of MachiavelliFoucault defines power as immaterial, as a "certain type of relation between individuals" that has to do with complex strategic social positions that relate to the subject's ability to control its environment and influence those around itself.

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Cultural imperialism may be an example of this. Foucault's interpretation Define cultural domination governance is also very important in constructing theories of transnational power structure. A self-described "practical Marxist-feminist-deconstructionist" [18] Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak has published a number of works challenging the "legacy of colonialism" including A Critique of Postcolonial Reason: In "Can the Subaltern Speak?

In Marxist philosophy, cultural hegemony...

Because of this, Spivak argues that the subalternreferring to the communities that participate in the Sati, are not able to Define cultural domination themselves through their own voice. Spivak Define cultural domination that cultural imperialism has the power to disqualify or erase the knowledge and mode of education of certain populations that are low on the social hierarchy. Throughout "Can the Subaltern Speak?

In A critique of Postcolonial ReasonSpivak argues that Western philosophy has a history of not only exclusion of the subaltern from discourse, but also does not allow them to occupy the space of a fully human subject.

Consequently, for the purposes of...

Cultural imperialism can refer to either the forced acculturation of a subject population, or to the voluntary embracing of a foreign culture by individuals who do so of their own free will. Since these are two very different referents, the validity of the term has been called into question.

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Cultural influence can be seen by the "receiving" culture as either a threat to or an enrichment of its cultural identity. It seems therefore useful to distinguish between cultural imperialism as an active or passive attitude of superiority, and the position of a culture or group that seeks to complement its own cultural production, considered partly deficient, with imported products.

The imported products or services can themselves represent, or be associated with, certain values such as consumerism. According to one argument, the "receiving" culture does not necessarily perceive this link, but instead absorbs the foreign culture passively through the use of the foreign goods and services.

Due to its somewhat concealed, but very potent nature, this hypothetical idea is described by some experts as " banal imperialism. Some believe that the newly globalised economy of the late 20th and early 21st century has facilitated this process through the use of new information technology.

This kind of cultural imperialism is derived from what is called " soft power ". The theory of electronic colonialism extends the issue to Define cultural domination cultural issues and the impact of major multi-media conglomerates, ranging from ViacomTime-WarnerDisneyNews Corpto Google and Microsoft with the focus on the hegemonic power of these mainly United States-based communication giants.

Define cultural domination of the reasons often given for opposing any form Define cultural domination cultural imperialism, voluntary or otherwise, is the preservation of cultural diversitya goal seen by some as analogous to the preservation of ecological diversity.


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